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Euclidean Geometry in Mathematical Olympiads (EGMO)

Book cover

You can get a hard copy from Amazon or the AMS. You can also purchase a PDF.

(ISBN-10: 0883858398 / ISBN-13: 978-0883858394)

Euclidean Geometry in Mathematical Olympiads (often abbreviated EGMO, despite an olympiad having the same name) is a comprehensive problem-solving book in Euclidean geometry. It was written for competitive students training for national or international mathematical olympiads. However, it has no prerequisites other than a good deal of courage: any student with proof experience should be able to follow the exposition.

The book contains a selection of about 300 problems from around the world and is accompanied by about 250 figures. Some solutions are provided in this solutions file.

I wrote this textbook while serving time as a high school clerk. You can read about the publication process.

Prerequisites and material#

There are essentially no geometry prerequisites; EGMO is entirely self-contained. (This was one of the design goals.) The main limiting factor is instead the ability to read proofs; as long as you can follow mathematical arguments, then you should be able to follow the exposition even if you don’t know any geometrical theorems. Here is a freely available subset of the book:


  • Chinese translation at abebooks and amazon.
    ISBN-10: 7560395880 / ISBN-13: 978-7560395883.
  • Japanese translation at and
    ISBN-10: 4535789789 / ISBN-13: 978-4535789784.

Contact reprint-permission [at] if you would be interested in a proposal for a translation into a different language. I have pre-emptively granted blanket author-approval to the AMS to move forward with any translation proposals (on 22 April 2023 17:19 UTC).

Errata (aka selected solutions to Problem 11.0)#

The errata list is now embarrassingly extensive. You can see:

Most mistakes are harmless, but a few of the mistakes are significant; the important ones are reproduced here, too.

  • On page 4, the proof of Theorem 1.3 is incomplete because it assumes that the point $O$ lies inside the triangle $ABC$.
  • On page 12, Theorem 1.22, the four points could also be collinear.
  • On page 76, Theorem 5.1 is missing a factor of $\frac12$.
  • On page 92, Problem 5.23, when defining $G$, line $HE$ should intersect $\Gamma_1$, not $\Gamma_2$.
  • On page 107, the proof of part (a) of the theorem has several issues, and is probably best to just ignore. Figure 6.6B is also broken. (The result is still true, and the proof of part (b) is correct.)
  • On page 146, Problem 7.52, change $\angle PCB$ to $\angle PBC$.
  • On page 159, in Lemma 8.16, change “fixes $B$ and $C$” to “swaps $B$ and $C$”.
  • On page 184, in Theorem 9.33, uniqueness is not true for (b) or (c). The last sentence is also wrong as written. The correct sentence is: if the circumcircle of a cyclic quadrilateral is preserved, then so is the cross ratio of the cyclic quadrilateral.
  • On page 235, hint 556 doesn’t make sense. I don’t remember what I meant to write.
  • On page 243, Solution 1.50 is incomplete; one also needs to check $A$, $P$, $W$ are collinear. Thus, add the remark $\measuredangle NPA = \measuredangle NMA = \measuredangle NMC = \measuredangle NBC = \measuredangle NBW = \measuredangle NPW$. (Radical axis also works.)
  • On page 268, Solution 7.44 is completely broken; it’s solving a different problem. See the above file for a fixed solution.
  • On page 274, Solution 8.37 is wrong, it assumes $AB$ passes through the center of $\omega_2$.

On solutions to problems#

I included solutions to about a quarter of the practice problems in the back of the textbook (it was impossible to include more for space reasons). If you are stuck on a problem for which no solution is provided, here are some possible places to look:

  1. Each problem in the text has one or more hints, the intention is that the union of all the hints should form an outline of the complete solution (even if the details are omitted).

  2. The Automatically Generated EGMO Solutions Treasury contains updated solutions to a significant number of the sourced problems. (However, the solutions were compiled by problem, so they don’t necessarily “match” the chapter the problem appears in.)

  3. There is a user-created forum which has a link to discussion for every problem.

  4. I included sources for as many of the problems as possible, so looking up the corresponding thread on Art of Problem-Solving’s Contest Index will generally yield a solution to any sourced problem. (The search function can work too, but is usually less helpful.)

  5. If all of the above fail, try posting on the AoPS forums directly.

More resources#

Of course there are other good geometry textbooks too. A few that I recommend are:

See also advice from Geoff Smith on geometry.

Updated Mon 6 Nov 2023, 17:58:17 UTC by d5faaf027b1d